Aristoteles’ Konzeption der Zurechnung (Quellen und Studien by Béatrice Lienemann

By Béatrice Lienemann

Die vorliegende Studie zeigt, dass Aristoteles eine originelle Konzeption der Zurechnung entwickelt, auch wenn er noch über keinen Ausdruck für Zurechnung verfügt. Die Frage nach der Zurechnung ist zu verstehen als die Frage danach, (i) unter welchen Bedingungen und zu welchem Grad Handlungen einem Akteur als seine eigenen Handlungen, für die er (moralisch) verantwortlich ist, zurechenbar sind und (ii) inwieweit ein Akteur auch für seine Dispositionen, die seinen Handlungen zugrunde liegen, verantwortlich ist. Aristoteles’ Konzeption ist innovativ, weil er Willentlichkeit weder als notwendige noch als hinreichende Bedingung für Zurechenbarkeit erweist und weil er nicht nur Handlungen, sondern auch Dispositionen, die Handlungen zugrunde liegen, als Zurechnungsgegenstände auffasst. Die Studie macht die Vielschichtigkeit und Graduierbarkeit des aristotelischen Zurechnungsbegriff sichtbar, indem sie die Konzeption der Zurechnung auf besondere Arten von Handlungen wie z.B. plötzliche Handlungen, Handlungen aus Zorn (thymos) oder akratische Handlungen anwendet. In systematischer Hinsicht stellt die Studie Bezüge zu Gegenwartspositionen her und zeigt, dass die aristotetelische place auch für aktuelle Debatten anschlussfähig ist.

Show description

Kann man heute noch etwas anfangen mit Aristoteles? (German by Thomas Buchheim,Hellmut Flashar,Richard A King,Dorothea

By Thomas Buchheim,Hellmut Flashar,Richard A King,Dorothea Frede,Stephen Halliwell,Otfried Höffe

Die Autoren dieses Bandes machen plausibel, daß Aristoteles' Denken trotz oder teilweise sogar aufgrund zunächst wenig attraktiv erscheinender Differenzen zu philosophischen Grundtendenzen der neuzeitlichen Philosophie und Geistesgeschichte für heutige Überlegungen fruchtbar gemacht werden kann, und zwar in der Ontologie und Philosophie des Geistes ebenso wie in der Ethik und Ästhetik.

Show description

Routledge Companion to Ancient Philosophy (Routledge by Frisbee Sheffield,James Warren

By Frisbee Sheffield,James Warren

The Routledge better half to old Philosophy is a suite of recent essays at the philosophy and philosophers of the traditional Greek and Roman worlds. Written via a solid of foreign students, it covers the whole diversity of old philosophy from the 6th century BC to the 6th century advert and past. There are committed discussions of the foremost parts of the philosophy of Plato and Aristotle including debts in their predecessors and successors.

The members additionally deal with a number of difficulties of interpretation and process, highlighting the actual calls for and curiosity of operating with historical philosophical texts. All unique texts mentioned are translated into English.

Show description

Anger, Mercy, Revenge (The Complete Works of Lucius Annaeus by Lucius Annaeus Seneca,Robert A. Kaster,Martha C. Nussbaum

By Lucius Annaeus Seneca,Robert A. Kaster,Martha C. Nussbaum

Lucius Annaeus Seneca (4 BCE–65 CE) used to be a Roman Stoic thinker, dramatist, statesman, and adviser to the emperor Nero, all throughout the Silver Age of Latin literature. the full Works of Lucius Annaeus Seneca is a clean and compelling sequence of recent English-language translations of his works in 8 available volumes. Edited by way of world-renowned classicists Elizabeth Asmis, Shadi Bartsch, and Martha C. Nussbaum, this enticing assortment restores Seneca—whose works were hugely praised through smooth authors from Desiderius Erasmus to Ralph Waldo Emerson—to his rightful position one of the classical writers most generally studied within the humanities.

Anger, Mercy, Revenge includes 3 key writings: the ethical essays On Anger and On Clemency—which have been penned as recommendation for the then younger emperor, Nero—and the Apocolocyntosis, a super satire lampooning the top of the reign of Claudius. pal and train, in addition to thinker, Seneca welcomed the age of Nero in tones alternately critical, poetic, and comic—making Anger, Mercy, Revenge a piece simply as advanced, astute, and impressive as its author.

Show description

Stoic Ethics: Epictetus and Happiness as Freedom (Continuum by William O. Stephens

By William O. Stephens

quickly after Aristotle's demise, a number of faculties of historic philosophy arose, every one addressing the sensible query of ways to stay a very good, satisfied lifestyles. the 2 largest opponents, Stoicism and Epicureanism, got here to dominate the philosophical panorama for the subsequent 500 years. Epicureans steered pursuing excitement to be at liberty, and Stoics held that real happiness may perhaps merely be completed via residing in keeping with nature, which required accepting what occurs and pleasurable one's roles. Stoicism, greater than Epicureanism, attracted fans from many various walks of existence: slaves, workers, statesmen, intellectuals, and an emperor. The lasting effect of those philosophies is obvious from the truth that even this present day 'Stoic' and 'Epicurean' are loved ones phrases. even if little or no of the writings of the early Stoics continue to exist, our wisdom of Stoicism comes principally from a number of later Stoics. during this particular ebook, William O. Stephens explores the ethical philosophy of Epictetus, a former Roman slave and dynamic Stoic instructor whose teachings are the main compelling protection of historic Stoicism that exists. Epictetus' philosophy dramatically captures the spirit of Stoicism through analyzing and remedying our best human disappointments, reminiscent of the loss of life of a family member. Stephens indicates how, for Epictetus, happiness effects from focusing our difficulty on what's as much as us whereas no longer caring approximately what's past our keep an eye on. He concludes that the energy of Epictetus' notion lies in his perception of happiness as freedom from worry, fear, grief, and dependence upon luck.

Show description

Thomas Hobbes: Translations of Homer: The Iliad and the by Eric Nelson

By Eric Nelson

This quantity within the Clarendon variation of the Works of Thomas Hobbes comprises his translations of Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, edited by means of Eric Nelson. Hobbes translated the Homeric poems into English verse through the process the 1670s, while he was once already good into his eighties. those texts represent his such a lot huge unmarried venture, in addition to his final significant paintings. but, regardless of the explosion of curiosity in Hobbes during the last fifty years,
this is the 1st smooth severe version of the Homer translations. Nelson presents vast annotation detailing Hobbes's interactions with the Greek textual content of the epics and with different early-modern versions and commentaries, besides a considerable scholarly advent putting Hobbes's company within the wider context
of recovery politics and poetics. Nelson additionally deals an in depth research of the translations themselves, deciding on the varied circumstances during which Hobbes rewrites the poems with a purpose to carry them into alignment together with his perspectives on politics, rhetoric, aesthetics, and theology. Hobbes's Iliads and Odysses of Homer, Nelson indicates, may be considered as a continuation of Leviathan through different ability. This version could be attention-grabbing examining for someone in
early-modern political philosophy, literature, and classical studies.

Show description

Platonische Ideen in der arabischen Philosophie (Scientia by Rüdiger Arnzen

By Rüdiger Arnzen

The effect of the Platonic conception of varieties is to be present in approximately all sessions within the historical past of Western philosophy. less popular is the truth that in every age Arabic philosophers additionally mentioned “Platonic varieties” of their written works, even supposing that they had no entry to Plato’s Dialogues. This examine analyses how this belief was once given doctrinal content material with no recourse to Plato’s works, and offers the proper Arabic works in German translation for the 1st time. they provide a primary perception right into a department of the reception of Platonism that has no longer but been researched, yet that's usually truly encouraged by way of Islam.

Show description

Knowledge in Later Islamic Philosophy: Mulla Sadra on by Ibrahim Kalin

By Ibrahim Kalin

This learn appears at how the seventeenth-century thinker Sadr al-Din al-Shirazi, referred to as Mulla Sadra, tried to reconcile the 3 significant different types of wisdom in Islamic philosophical discourses: revelation (Qur'an), demonstration (burhan), and gnosis or intuitive wisdom ('irfan). In his grand synthesis, which he calls the 'Transcendent Wisdom', Mulla Sadra bases his epistemological issues on a strong research of lifestyles and its modalities. His key declare that wisdom is a style of lifestyles rejects and revises the Kalam definitions of information as relation and as a estate of the knower at the one hand, and the Avicennan notions of information as abstraction and illustration at the different. For Sadra, these kind of theories land us in a subjectivist concept of information the place the figuring out topic is outlined because the basic locus of all epistemic claims. To discover the probabilities of a 'non-subjectivist' epistemology, Sadra seeks to shift the focal point from wisdom as a psychological act of illustration to wisdom as presence and unveiling. the concept that of data has occupied a vital position within the Islamic highbrow culture. whereas Muslim philosophers have followed the Greek rules of data, they've got additionally built new methods and broadened the examine of data. The problem of reconciling published wisdom with unaided cause and intuitive wisdom has ended in an incredibly effective debate between Muslims intellectuals within the classical interval. In a tradition the place wisdom has supplied either non secular perfection and social prestige, Muslim students have created a striking discourse of data and greatly widened the scope of what it ability to grasp. For Sadra, in understanding issues, we unveil a side of lifestyles and hence have interaction with the numerous modalities and hues of the all-inclusive fact of lifestyles. In the sort of framework, we quit the subjectivist claims of possession of which means. The intrinsic intelligibility of life, a controversy Sadra establishes via his problematic ontology, strips the realizing topic of its privileged place of being the only real author of which means. as an alternative, that means and intelligibility are outlined as capabilities of lifestyles to be deciphered and unveiled through the figuring out topic. This ends up in a redefinition of the connection among topic and item or what Muslim philosophers name the knower and the known.

Show description

Plato’s Charmides: Positive Elenchus in a 'Socratic' by Thomas M. Tuozzo

By Thomas M. Tuozzo

This publication argues that Plato's Charmides provides a unitary yet incomplete argument meant to steer its readers to important philosophical insights. via cautious, contextually delicate research of Plato's arguments in regards to the advantage of sophrosyne, Thomas M. Tuozzo brings the dialogue's strains of inquiry jointly, wearing Plato's argument ahead to a great end. This cutting edge analyzing of Charmides reverses misconceptions concerning the discussion that stemmed from an impoverished perception of Socratic elenchus and unquestioned attractiveness of historical historiography's demonization of Critias. It perspectives Socratic argument as a device meant to maneuver its addressee to important philosophical insights. It additionally argues, at the foundation of contemporary ancient learn, a evaluate of the fragments of Critias' oeuvre and Plato's use of Critias in different dialogues, that Plato had a nuanced, quite often optimistic view of Critias. all through, readers are alerted to textual problems whose right answer is essential to knowing Plato's frequently summary arguments.

Show description

Sobre la música (Biblioteca Clásica Gredos) (Spanish by Arístides Quintiliano,Luis Colomer,Begoña Gil,Carlos García

By Arístides Quintiliano,Luis Colomer,Begoña Gil,Carlos García Gual

Sobre los angeles música, tratado no sólo técnico sino provisto de una dimensión filosófica –platónica y pitagórica–, refleja el espíritu musical del pueblo griego.
Arístides fue un teórico de l. a. música griego de formación no sólo musicológica sino filosófica, de cuya vida apenas sabemos nada, salvo que vivió en los siglos I-II d.C. .
Sobre l. a. música es un texto capital que, además de tratar cuestiones técnicas fundamentales, refleja el espíritu musical del pueblo griego. En su enfoque filosófico de l. a. música –uno de los escasos textos de este tipo que nos han llegado–, las influencias esenciales son platónicas y pitagóricas. Arístides valora los angeles música no sólo por su belleza intrínseca, sino por su importancia educativa y formativa, por su misteriosa capacidad de influir en el ethos de las personas y de revelar tanto el alma person del hombre como el alma del universo. Desde esta perspectiva, los angeles música no es sólo arte, sino también ciencia: un conocimiento seguro e infalible, con unas leyes de l. a. armonía, sin variaciones temporales o circunstanciales.

Show description