By Roshdi Rashed
From Antiquity until eventually lately, philosophers and mathematicians have regularly mentioned the concept that of perspective and its relation to archimedean and non-archimedean theories of size. For the 1st time, this e-book strains the background of those discussions in Greek and Arabic, from Euclid to Kamāl al-Dīn al-Fārisī, after whom the dialogue used to be now not resumed till Newton and Euler. the quantity provides first variants of over twenty texts, both in Arabic or Greek and translated into Arabic, of the best mathematicians and philosophers of the time. The texts are right here translated into French and supplemented with large remark. The publication starts off with the definitions and propositions of Euclid on angles and size, by way of the Greek remark culture represented by way of Proclus and Simplicius (only extant in Arabic) and the writings of the Arabic mathematicians and philosophers from the ninth via 14th century, putting the basic contributions by means of Avicenna and Ibn al-Haytham into their historic context and exhibiting how quite a few successors produced new syntheses in their work.
Read or Download Angles et Grandeur: D'Euclide à Kamal al-Din al-Farisi (Scientia Graeco-Arabica) (French Edition) PDF
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This examine appears at how the seventeenth-century thinker Sadr al-Din al-Shirazi, referred to as Mulla Sadra, tried to reconcile the 3 significant different types of wisdom in Islamic philosophical discourses: revelation (Qur'an), demonstration (burhan), and gnosis or intuitive wisdom ('irfan). In his grand synthesis, which he calls the 'Transcendent Wisdom', Mulla Sadra bases his epistemological issues on a strong research of lifestyles and its modalities.
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